How the results are presented will depend upon whether the research study was quantitative or qualitative in nature. This section should focus only on results that are directly related to the research or the problem. Graphs and tables should only be used when there is too much data to efficiently include it within the text. This section should present the results, but not discuss their significance. This section should be a discussion of the results and the implications on the field, as well as other fields.
The hypothesis should be answered and validated by the interpretation of the results. This section should also discuss how the results relate to previous research mentioned in the literature review, any cautions about the findings, and potential for future research. The research paper is not complete without the list of references. This section should be an alphabetized list of all the academic sources of information utilized in the paper. The format of the references will match the format and style used in the paper.
Parts of a Research Paper - The parts of a typical research paper are described in these two links and the sites also provide links for additional resources, including the APA style manual.
The series of videos provide a comprehensive, in-depth look at why publishing is important, how to get started, what are the parts of the paper and what order should they be written in, tips on how to write each section and additional suggestions that will assist writers in getting their work published. Publishing Your Research - The website provides a series of 10 video episodes by the American Chemical Society that address all aspects of writing a journal article for submission and tips on how to improve your writing.
The Literature Review - Researchers are required to know the research that has already been done in their field. The Literature Reviews examine previous related research. This video lecture explains how to write a Literature Review, and examines which elements are required in one. There is also a link for exploring alternate formatting options. How to Avoid Plagiarism Tutorial - This comprehensive guide provides information on citation rules, examples of citations, and guidelines for paraphrasing, summarizing and using quotations.
This pin will expire , on Change. This pin never expires. Select an expiration date. About Us Contact Us. Search Community Search Community. Components of a Research Paper In this segment, the key components of a quality research paper will be identified and discussed. Learning Objectives Identify the components of a research paper. Analyze the components of a research paper. Understanding Scholarly Journal Articles Once a researcher goes through the process of conducting a research project, it is critical that he or she shares their findings with others through submission of the work to a scholarly journal.
Structure of a Research Paper While academic disciplines vary on the exact format and style of journal articles in their field, most articles contain similar content and are divided in parts that typically follow the same logical flow. Title The title should be specific and indicate the problem the research project addresses using keywords that will be helpful in literature reviews in the future.
Abstract The abstract is used by readers to quickly review the overall content of the paper. Introduction The introduction begins by introducing the broad overall topic and providing basic background information. Literature Review The purpose of the literature review is to describe past important research and it relate it specifically to the research problem.
Methods The methods section will describe the research design and methodology used to complete to the study. Results In this section, the results of the analysis are presented.
Research Tutorials Why Research? Resource Links Parts of a Research Paper - The parts of a typical research paper are described in these two links and the sites also provide links for additional resources, including the APA style manual. Part 1 - http: Suggested Readings Belcher, W. Writing your journal article in 12 weeks: Previous parts explored how to write an introduction for a research paper and a literature review outline and format.
The Methodology section portrays the reasoning for the application of certain techniques and methods in the context of the study. The description of the methods used should include enough details so that the study can be replicated by other Researchers, or at least repeated in a similar situation or framework.
Every stage of your research needs to be explained and justified with clear information on why you chose those particular methods, and how they help you answer your research question or purpose. As the Authors, in this section you get to explain the rationale of your article for other Researchers.
You should focus on answering the following questions:. The responses to these questions should be clear and precise, and the answers should be written in past tense.
Research Methodology refers the discussion regarding the specific methods chosen and used in a research paper. This discussion also encompasses the theoretical concepts that further provide information about the methods selection and application.
In other words, you should highlight how these theoretical concepts are connected with these methods in a larger knowledge framework and explain their relevance in examining the purpose, problem and questions of your study. A Research Method represents the technical steps involved in conducting the research. Details about the methods focus on characterizing and defining them, but also explaining your chosen techniques, and providing a full account on the procedures used for selecting, collecting and analyzing the data.
The methodology section is very important for the credibility of your article and for a professional academic writing style. Readers, academics and other researchers need to know how the information used in your academic article was collected. The research methods used for collecting or generating data will influence the discoveries and, by extension, how you will interpret them and explain their contribution to general knowledge.
This type of data is already available, in different forms, from a variety of sources. External secondary data research — represents a study that uses existing data on a certain research subject from government statistics, published market research reports from different organizations, international agencies such as IMF, World Bank, etc. Primary data Primary data represent data originated for the specific purpose of the study, with its research questions.
The methods vary on how Authors and Researchers conduct an experiment, survey or study, but, in general, it uses a particular scientific method. This type of study uses deductive reasoning and established theories as a foundation for the hypotheses that will be tested and explained. Qualitative research or interpretative research focuses on analytically disclosing certain practices or behaviors, and then showing how these behaviors or practices can be grouped or clustered to lead to observable outcomes.
This type of research is more subjective in nature, and requires careful interpretation of the variables. Readers need to understand how the information was gathered or generated in a way that is consistent with research practices in a field of study.
Writing research papers does not come naturally to most of us. The typical research paper is a highly codified rhetorical form [1,2]. Knowledge of the rules—som.
Scientific research articles provide a method for scientists to communicate with other scientists about the results of their research. A standard format is used for these articles, in which the author presents the research in an orderly, logical manner. This doesn't necessarily reflect the order in.
Writing any academic paper, in whatever discipline, can be an extremely daunting task. Here are a few tips on article writing. Whether you need to write a word essay or a 10 word dissertation, it can be difficult to set out in your mind exactly in what direction you need to travel. HOW TO WRITE AN EFFECTIVE RESEARCH PAPER • Getting ready with data • First draft • Structure of a scientific paper • Selecting a journal Make them the central theme of the article. Note good and bad writing styles in the literature. Some are simple and easy to follow, some are just too complex.
Writing a research manuscript is an intimidating process for many novice writers in the sciences. One of the stumbling blocks is the beginning of the process and creating the first draft. This paper presents guidelines on how to initiate the writing process and draft each section of a research manuscript. This page lists some of the stages involved in writing a library-based research paper. Although this list suggests that there is a simple, linear process to writing such a paper, the actual process of writing a research paper is often a messy and recursive one, so please use this outline as a.