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How to write cause/effect essays in IELTS?

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Effects of Obesity:
Here is an example of an IELTS cause & effect writing task:

In problem and solution questions what structure is most suited? Is it in one paragraph we mention about 2 problems then in the next body prg8raph we mention two solutions to the above mentioned problems?

Or, the structure where in one body paragraph I disuss the problem and in the same one I give the relevant solution and in the next body paragraph the other problem and solution. Which way is better?? Also I want to know if we are writing problems in one paragraph and the solutions in another, then do we have to provide with the solutions specifically to the problems that we mentioned before or can they be any general solution?

Is it a good idea to include examples in advantage and disadvantage or problem and solution essay??? When will you post a rest of two model assays about problem and solution, agree and disagree? If I have one problem and one solution, fully developed, Can I have high score? If the solution is not directly related to the cause, will it affect to have high score in task response? I am looking forward to hearing you at your earliest convenience! For your second question, you need to read the instructions carefully, you will either be asked for solutions to the problems or solutions to the causes — just follow the instructions.

All the best Liz. I have noticed that writing is a subjective test, and you need to have excellent grammar and maturity of ideas. Just like your essay above, you have displayed the good maturity of ideas. If this is true then how students should mature themselves in all kinds of essay topics and their in-depth questions without having any research?

I am also asking as I face problems while writing within the time limit good maturity of ideas on that particular topic of the essay. What do you think may be the causes of this problem and what solutions can you suggest for solving them?

Give reasons and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience. For examples, I chose, computer engineers for sedentary lifestyle. And fast food like pizza, burger for unhealthy foods. Now, my question is, do I need to mention some personal examples like, my cousin eats McD burger a lot and he has gained lot of weight and all OR is it alright to write examples in a general way like… computer engineers these days sit in front of monitors for long hours without doing any physical activities which causes increase in weight.

You write about people in general. Also take a look at your examples — which one offers the best range of grammar and vocabulary? Use your common sense. I agree with your comments. Even I was of the same opinion. But I am taking online course from gieltshelp. So I was confused about my views. Thank you very much for you effort and great job, your blog is very useful and helpful, I really appreciate it.

My teacher suggest us all the time that is better to do so, because that helps reader to understand our writing and also will bring us more points for coherence and cohesion.

It is not a good idea to do this. This system repeats the instructions given to you by IELTs. This method of introducing your plans for the essay is used in academic writing to help the reader know what you plan to do. This is not just an academic essay, it is an IELTS academic essay with particular requirements and expectations. See my advanced lessons to learn how this should be done: Another issue for IELTS is that this is a language test, which means you are being marked on your ability to use your own English through paraphrasing and presenting your ideas.

Learning a phrase to use as you have stated above will lower your mark because it is a learned phrase. The examiner will just put a line through it and discount it.

Indeed, my writing score increased from 6. Thanks for your time and all the free and high-quality material that you have prepared and shared with us. Band score 8 in writing is excellent. You should be very proud of such a considerable increase in band score.

I am so inspired. I am about to take my exam next month here in Australia. Hi Liz, I want to ask if we have been asked about our opinion in an ielts essay then where should we write our opinion in the body paragraph? Whether it should be written at the end before conclusion? If you are asked to give your opinion, it will be introduced in the introduction, explained in the body paragraphs and concluded in the conclusion.

In fact, the second paragraph contains two main ideas which are the two causes and also, the second paragraph contains two main ideas which are two solutions.

Each paragraph should have a distinct, clear central topic. In BP1 is it causes and in BP2 it is solutions. Hello, first of all i must say that i leave many comments on your page but didnt get any response.

Unfortunately, this is not an English language blog. I am going to write the exam on the 29th of august,I always loose my writing…but fortunately, I could go through your site and pick some tips…your sample essays,video lessons discussion and opinion essays particularly very helpful. I am bit nervous still…. I will let you know the result…. You are a wonderful teacher…God bless you! Also try to work on your English language because if your English is not at the right level for your score, it will be very difficult to get the band score you want.

You give your opinion when the instructions ask for it. Please see the writing task 2 main page — there is a lesson about when to give your opinion. Hii madam I am going to take my ielts exam on oct-8 ,I am good in listening ,speaking and writing but in reading i am not satisified with my score ,so I am requesting you to give me reading tips.

All my reading tips are in the reading section: Hi teacher Liz, in regards to the conclusion in this question, I noticed that it is more about the third paragraph about solutions. And it really gives a clear picture on how to react to the issue as being a problem that fits exactly for the conclusion.

I would like to ask, is paraphrasing the thesis statement for our conclusion is not always applicable? How can we know when it is applicable to paraphrase the thesis statement for the conclusion? Because it seems to me I am so inclined to the idea that for the conclusion all I need to do is to paraphrase my thesis staement. Thanks in advance, stay blessed. The conclusion summarises the main points.

Sometimes the main points are in the thesis statement — so you paraphrase that. At other times, they are not all given in the thesis statement, so you just summarise the key points from your essay.

There is no fixed rule — relax! Just summarise the ideas you feel are most important for your conclusion. Thank you so much. Hi Liz, I like your methods of teaching writing patterns as well as your advices. My aim is to have a score of 7. Here is my sample writing with a topic about fashion.

Why is it like this? In the recent years, fashion is becoming a trend and the essential factor for choosing a cloth. This is due to a fact that it contributes to the social standards and aspects of living in the society. Fashion changes over the years. Before, people are used in wearing long clothing to cover every portion of their body, specially with women.

The weather also affects the style of clothing. For example, a person who decided to go out during snow should wear a thick garment in order to protect himself from freezing in the field. The most essential reason for fashion becoming the choice of clothing is because it depicts the standard of living of a person in the society. The more sense of fashion a person has, the more he is likely to be given high regard. In workplace, for instance, the boss should always wear a business attire, including a suit and a tie.

While employees need to wear the standard uniform set by the company. Another reason is that the society tend to mimic famous people. Popular people such as singers, actors and actresses are the people who started the fashion statement.

Models also need to follow the recent fashion style in order to be seen by other people, by means of magazines and billboards. To conclude, I believe that fashion is the best factor for the people in choosing their brand of clothing. The recent fashion will always be the most popular kind of fashion style.

Please read my notice: During this season , i always feel confident about answer bt mostly my answer is wrong. Also think about starting a list of paraphrases which you found for each question when you practice. I have to obtain 7 bands in each module. Unfortunately, I have not been in touch with English writing and reading from last 7 years as my job was Customer service so never required any written experiences.

I would love to receive any advise and assistance from you which can help me to concentrate and find suitable words while writing.

I tried my best to find physical teacher but in vain. All my lessons and advice are given on the pages of this blog. Look forward to hearing from you. I love your lessons, I have my exam soon and I was wondering whether it is possible for you to check my essay.

I wrote a solution essay about this topic: The number of people who are at risk of serious health problems due to being overweight is increasing. What is the reason for the growth in overweight people in society? How can this problem be solved? At present, more and more people become overweight and therefore their healt is at risk. Such phenomenon is caused by excessive consumption of fast-food and lack of excersises. There are number of solutions which should be implement in order to avoid and decrease obesity in society.

Firstly, the reason for obesity in sociesty is the fact that people tend to resign from homemade meals in order to eat out. While it is more convenient, premade food became to widespread nowadays, and consuming fast-foods, which are high in carbohydrates and bad fats, subsequently lacking any nutrients, replaced healty eating habits.

Secondly, means of transport like cars or tube are the most popular or even often only the way of travelling nowadays. People seem to no longer choose walking or cycling to for example commutting to work, and that leads to a situation where lack of any physical movement, which is considered as healty as it burns calories , cause serious health problems, like obesity or heart attacks.

There are two effecitve solutions which need to be adressed to tackle the problem of overweight. One way is for governments and also parents to provide an unconventional education, like playschemes or movies about healt and food ingredients to schools.

Such undertake would make children more aware of what they it from very young age, and therfore reduce chances of obesity in the future. Furthermore, governments should invest more money in free of charge, outdoor sport activities led by personal trainares and dieteticians who could unify people in shared exercising, which could be the most powerful way to reduce weight and avoid being overweight.

In conclusion, there are many factors which contributes to the fact that modern society can be associated with obesity, however at the same time there are pleny of solutions which people can implement and if they do, the phenomenon of excess weight will soon disappear. You have addressed the task fully and you have organised your ideas very well. That means your technique for writing is strong. But your English language has problems. Consuming fast-foods, which are high in carbohydrates and bad fats, subsequently lack any nutrients and have replaced eating a healthy diet.

Also check your linkers. I am aiming for minimium 6. Should i focus mostly on grammar when writing? The present perfect is generally used as you said — it started in the past and is still happening now. About focusing on grammar, I suggest you train to improve your grammar so that when you enter the test, your grammar is more accurate.

I must say your tips about both writing tasks are very helpful. They usually have plenty of topics where people post ideas for and against. The verb relates to the punishment received for a crime so it could be either a prison sentence or community sentence. The noun is only used with prison sentencing. Sorry … I meant punishment not sentencing as in the essay topic. If I include points related to community service as well, well it effect my points for not understanding the question?

Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Notify me of new posts by email. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed. Hi, my name is Elizabeth Liz. July 16, at 7: July 16, at You follow the instructions only. June 16, at Hello everyone I would like to say something about the structure of task 2 writing, I have read earlier in comments that lots of students asking same and same question to Liz which is about should we write …..

May 18, at 1: Hi Liz, Thanks for your lessons that very helpful. May 18, at 3: April 26, at 7: April 26, at March 21, at 5: March 21, at 6: March 20, at It is a recommended way to make your paragraphs very easy for the examiner to see. February 7, at 4: February 2, at 1: February 2, at 2: January 25, at 2: January 25, at 3: January 16, at 3: Hope to have some clarifications.

December 28, at 7: Hi Liz, what if an essay is cause prevention or solution prevention or cause benefits. December 28, at 9: December 28, at December 8, at 9: December 8, at 8: November 30, at 9: November 30, at November 30, at 7: December 1, at November 15, at 6: November 15, at November 4, at 5: November 4, at October 30, at 3: October 30, at 8: October 19, at 6: September 30, at 4: September 22, at 5: September 22, at 7: July 13, at 7: July 13, at July 6, at 3: July 6, at 2: June 23, at A conclusion contains a summary of main points presented in your essay.

April 21, at 2: April 21, at 5: April 4, at Thank you so much for your help! April 4, at 2: August 3, at 1: March 14, at 6: March 14, at 7: March 6, at 9: February 21, at 7: February 22, at 1: February 20, at 6: February 20, at 7: February 1, at 2: Hi Lizz, Just one question. February 1, at 3: Just state the causes and solutions. As shown in the essay above. February 1, at 4: February 1, at 7: February 1, at January 10, at 9: January 10, at December 16, at Dear Liz , first of all thanks for online lessons.

December 17, at 1: November 30, at 6: October 20, at Dear Liz First I would like to thank for all the online lessons and videos that you have uploaded for all the students across the globe. Will wait for your reply. October 20, at 2: June 28, at June 29, at September 21, at 2: Hi Liz, Good day, I have noticed that there is no opinion in this model essay Crime and punishment cause and solution writing task 2.

September 21, at May 31, at June 1, at Purna Bahadur Kumal says: May 26, at 3: Sociologists believe that parents and other members of society are responsible for its increase usage.

This essay will analyse the cause and effect of taking drugs and will make some recommendations to eradicate this abuse. The very first reason in drug adoption in youth is primarily due to parents, guardians and social circle. Parents may consume drugs to remain active at work or to relieve their bodies from mental stresses of everyday life.

For instance, a divorced mother consuming drugs to comfort herself from the horror of past will set a bad example for her children to follow. This act will lead to an unhealthy lifestyle where children will opt to do the same. Another compelling reason which has significantly increased the drug usage is media and pressures to perform well in studies. Youth is challenged to deliver the most in academic institutes and this pressure forces them to consume both legal and illegal drugs.

Media also plays a vital role, for instance, body building and other fitness advertisements portraits how mega mass and other medicines can help grow their muscles in a matter of time or lose weight in days. Though these look appealing and their continued usage without consulting a physician will have adverse effects on the body and will harm it in the longer run.

To conclude, I recommend that the only possible way to eradicate this acute problem is through organising drug awareness and counselling programs. Government and civil society should put in their efforts to educate young people about the harmful effects of drugs addiction and should provide counselling services where required.

By the passage of time, these practices will ensure that adolescents of our society will live a healthy life free from drugs and other harmful medication. It is a fact that most people in this modern era consume drugs either because doctors prescribe them or they take the medicines themselves.

But it is noticed that the young people are consuming both legal and illegal drugs from an early age and this is indeed a concerning issue in today's society. Some experts believe that it is the fault of the parents and others members of communities that show an inappropriate example. Easy access to drugs is another problem that accelerates the depth of this concerning issue.

The following essay will discuss the causes, effects and solutions that can be considered to resolve the issue. For a number of reasons, many young generations are using legal and illegal drugs nowadays. Firstly, many teenagers are taking drugs due to the fact that they want to be relieved from the family problems. One of the examples is that their parents' marriage might not be working out well and could be in a divorce stage. These teens are stressed out with a bad family condition and the way to release it for them is to consume drugs.

Secondly, many young people are using drugs because they live in an unsafe neighbourhood. They live in a society where as most of the adults are consuming drugs and drug dealers are moving around in the area. They could be friends with drug users and dealers, and in the end, they will also consume the drugs. Curiosity and lack of proper guideline are the two other reasons many young declines towards drug use.

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This guide will show you how to write a BAND 9 cause/effect essay for IELTS Writing. You will see a question sample, band 9 writing srategies, model cause and effect essay etc.

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IELTS Causes and Effects Essay This causes and effects model essay is about obesity in children. You specifically have to talk about the causes (reasons) of the increase in overweight children, and explain the effects (results) of this.

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This cause and effect essay is about the issue of skin whitening products: why people are using them and their possible dangers for health and society. This causes and effects essay has been organized into two body paragraphs. The first dicussing the reasons, and the second discussing the effects on. You will be given a question asking you to give your opinion, discuss a problem or issue. You could also be asked to provide solutions, evaluate a problem, compare and contrast different ideas or challenge an idea. In this post, we will be focussing on how to write a cause/effect essay.

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IELTS Writing Task 2 cause/effect essay example that is a band score 8. The question is > Many criminals commit further crimes as soon as they are released from prison. What do you think are the causes of this? What effects will this have on society? Take a look at the sample answer >. That is how your essay structure should be. You should always structure your essay correctly, or you will be risking lower grades, it is imperative. You’ll beat the other guy’s scores if you structure your essay well. Here are some writing tips for better IELTS essays: Never write about unrelated subjects.